William James “Willie” Dixon (erican blues musician-songwriter, a lot of whoever songs turned classics of one’s Chicago organization style and you will was basically afterwards covered by big rock and roll artists. He was also a documented bassist, arranger, and you will list producer to possess Chicago’s biggest blues name, Chess Info, in heyday for the 1950s and you will early sixties.
Dixon had written including blues moves because the “Nothing Purple Rooster,” “Big Workplace Child,” “Spoonful,” “Back door Child,” “I recently Need to make Choose You,” “My personal Hottie,” “Wang Dang Doodle,” “Hoochie Coochie Boy,” and “Bring it for the Household.” His audio were did from the organization greats eg Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf, Jimmy Reed, and you can Nothing Walter. He also swayed a production out-of more youthful performers who after filed their tunes, together with Sam Cooke, The fresh new Moving Stones, Otis Redding, Eric Clapton, This new Gates, The newest Animals, Bob Dylan, Ointment, Led Zeppelin, The brand new Yardbirds, the Grateful Dry and many others.
Dixon and shaped a primary link between the fresh organization and you may rock and roll of the coping with stone painters such as Chuck Berry and you will Bo Diddley in their very early many years. Close to Dirty Waters, he is sensed by far the most important shaper of the blog post-The second world war sound of one’s il blues in fact it is believe of the certain becoming 1st organization songwriter in history.
Dixon grew up in Vicksburg, Mississippi into July 1, 1915. Their mom, Daisy, often written rhymes during the everyday talk, a habit Dixon discovered so you can replicate. From the age 7, he turned into an admirer out-of a band you to featured organization pianist Nothing Sister Montgomery. Dixon is actually after that introduced into organization as he offered go out into jail facilities for the Mississippi since a young-teenager. He as well as read simple tips to sing balance regarding a location carpenter named Leo Phelps. Dixon done bass inside the Phelps’ classification, brand new Jubilee Vocalists, a neighborhood gospel quartet one to continuously looked on Vicksburg radio channel WQBC. Around this day Dixon began tinkering with songwriting from the adjusting poems he had composed toward tunes, and you can was even capable offer some of them to regional music organizations.
Dixon left Mississippi to possess Chi town within the 1936. A guy regarding unbelievable prominence from the 6 foot 6 ins significant and weighing more than 250 weight, the guy took up boxing. Dixon next turned elite due to the fact an excellent boxer and you can did temporarily as Joe Louis’ sparring lover. After four professional battles, although not, the guy abandoned the brand new boxing organization because of a quarrel along with his movie director over an issue of currency.
During the boxing fitness center, Dixon are met by-fellow singer Leonard “Infant Doo” Caston, which assisted your be intent on audio since the work. Dixon done in lots of vocal organizations within the Chicago, and you will Caston dependent him 1st trout, created from a beneficial tin can be and something sequence. Dixon and discovered your guitar.
In Chicago, Dixon and you may Caston helped mode the five Breezes, a team you to blended organization and you can jazz, targeting vocal harmonies. Dixon’s advances in mastering to try out the newest bass was stopped when he had been imprisoned to possess ten weeks after resisting this new draft during The second world war. Following the war, he briefly formed the Four Jumps from Jive and then reunited that have Caston to create the top Three Trio, and that continued in order to list temporarily to possess Columbia Facts.
Dixon earliest closed which have Chess Information in the 1948 since the a recording artist, but in the near future first started functioning during the name just like the a maker and you may arranger. By 1951, he had been a full-go out staff member at Chess, where the guy acted given that manufacturer, talent scout, course artist on trout, arranger, and you may staff songwriter. In the event his experience of the term is possibly strained, the guy remained having Chess from the very early 1960s. During this time his output and you will dictate is prodigious.